History of FDA

Evolution of FDA – the 1st 100 Years

FDA dates its origin to June 1906, when President Teddy Roosevelt signed the Food and Drugs Act and entrusted implementation of this law to the Bureau of Chemistry of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The Bureau, the oldest U.S. consumer protection office, eventually became the FDA, an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services.

Over the years, FDA has provided Americans with increasingly comprehensive, science-based protections that ensure the highest quality of products essential for health and survival. Today, these products represent almost 25% of all consumer spending and include 80% of the national food supply and all human drugs, vaccines, medical devices, tissues for transplantation, equipment that emits radiation, cosmetics, and animal drugs and food. Additionally, in 2009, FDA was charged with implementing the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act.

The FDA website www.fda.gov/oc/history/default.htm traces the history of the Agency during its first 100 years. The FDAAA was honored to cosponsor the FDA centennial observance held at the Harvey W. Wiley Federal Building in College Park, Maryland on June 30, 2006. See remarks given by FDAAA President, Anthony Celeste http://www.fdaaa.org/Activities/June30_06FDACentennialCelebration/CelesteCentennialRemarks.pdf

FDA Commissioners

Robert M. Califf, M.D.
Robert M. Califf, M.D.
2/24/2009 - present
Dr. Margaret Hamburg
Margaret Hamburg, M.D.
5/22/2009 - 4/4/2015
Andrew C. von Eschenbach, M.D.
Andrew C. von Eschenbach, M.D.
12/13/2006 - 1/20/2009
Lester M. Crawford, D.V.M., Ph.D.
Lester M. Crawford, D.V.M., Ph.D.
7/18/2005 - 9/23/2005
Mark B. McClellan, M.D., Ph.D.
Mark B. McClellan, M.D., Ph.D.
11/14/2002 - 3/26/2004
Jane E. Henney, M.D.
Jane E. Henney, M.D.
1/17/99 - 1/19/2001
David A. Kessler, M.D.
David A. Kessler, M.D.
11/8/1990 - 2/28/1997
Frank E. Young, MD, Ph.D.
Frank E. Young, MD, Ph.D.
7/15/1984 - 12/17/1989
Arthur H. Hayes, M.D.
Arthur H. Hayes, M.D.
4/13/1981 - 9/11/1983
Jere E. Goyan, Ph.D.
Jere E. Goyan, Ph.D.
10/21/1979 - 1/20/1981
Donald Kennedy, Ph.D.
Donald Kennedy, Ph.D.
4/4/1977 - 6/30/1979
Alexander M. Schmidt, M.D.
Alexander M. Schmidt, M.D.
7/20/1973 - 11/30/1976
Charles C. Edwards, M.D.
Charles C. Edwards, M.D.
12/13/1969 - 3/15/1973
Herbert L. Ley, Jr., M.D.
Herbert L. Ley, Jr., M.D.
7/1/1968 - 12/12/1969
James L. Goddard, M.D.
James L. Goddard, M.D.
1/17/1966 - 7/1/1968
George P. Larrick
George P. Larrick
8/12/1954 - 12/27/1965
Charles W. Crawford
Charles W. Crawford
6/1/1951 - 7/31/1954
Paul B. Dunbar, Ph.D.
Paul B. Dunbar, Ph.D.
5/6/1944 - 5/31/1951
Walter G. Campbell
Walter G. Campbell
7/16/1921 - 6/30/1924 &
7/1/1927 - 4/30/1944
Charles A. Browne
Charles A. Browne
7/1/1924 - 6/30/1927
Carl L. Alsberg, M.D.
Carl L. Alsberg, M.D.
12/16/1912 - 7/15/1921
Harvey W. Wiley, M.D.
Harvey W. Wiley, M.D.
1/1/1907 - 3/15/1912

Source: FDA website